Strip, Coil, Foil, Wire, AMS 5507, ASTM A666     

Applications    

Chemical Screens, Storage and Transportation Tanks, Chemical Tubing, Food Processing, Oil Refineries, Paper Mill Processing, Pharmaceutical, Gas Scrubbers, Photographic Handling, Textile Industry Parts, Marine Applications and Flexible Metal Hose 

Description    

Type 316L is a low carbon austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel with corrosion resistance similar to type 316 but with resistance to intergranular corrosion following welding.

Chemistry Typical  

Carbon: 0.030 max 
Manganese: 2.00 max 
Silicon: 1.00 max 
Chromium: 16.00-18.00 
Nickel: 10.00-14.00 
Molybdenum: 2.00-3.00 
Phosphorus: 0.040 max 
Sulfur: 0.030 max 
Copper: 0.75 
Iron: Balance 

Physical Properties   

Density: 0.29 lbs/in3 7.99 g/cm3

Electrical Resistivity: microhm-in (microhm-cm):
68 ° F (20 ° C): 29.4 (74.0) 

Specific Heat: BTU/lbl° F (kJ/kg•K):  32 - 212 ° F (0 - 100 °C): 0.12 (0.50) 

Thermal Conductivity: BTU/hr/ft2/ft/°F (W/m•K): 
At 212 °F (100 °C): 9.4 (16.2) 
At 932 °F (500 °C): 12.4 (21.4) 

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: in/inl°F (µm/m•K) 
32 - 212 °F (0 - 100 °C): 8.9 x 10-5 (16.0) 
32 - 600 °F (0 - 315 °C): 9.0 x 10-5 (16.2) 
32 - 1000 °F (0- 538 °C): 9.7 x 10-5 (17.5) 
32 - 1200 °F (0 - 649 °C): 10.3 x 10-5 (18.5) 
32 - 1500 °F (0 - 871 °C): 11.1 x 10-5 (18.5) 

Modulus of Elasticity: ksi (MPa) 
28 x 103 (193 x 103) in tension 
11 .2 x 103 (77 x 103) in torsion 

Magnetic Permeability: H = 200 Oersteds: Annealed < 1.02 max 

Melting Range: 2500 - 2590 °F (1371 - 1421 °C)

Forms   

Coil - Strip, Foil, Ribbon  Wire - Profile, Round, Flat, Square 

Mechanical Properties at Room Temperature    

Properties Annealed    

Ultimate Tensile Strength: 70 KSI min (485 MPa min)  Yield Strength (0.2% Offset): 25 KSI min (170 MPa min)  Elongation: 40% min  Hardness: Rb 95 max 

Properties Tempered    

1/16 Hard 
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 85 KSI min (585 MPA min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 45 KSI min (310 MPA min)
Elongation: 35% Min 

1/8 Hard 
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 100 KSI min (690 MPA min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 55 KSI min (380 MPA min)
Elongation: 25% Min 

1/4 Hard 
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 125 KSI min (860 MPA min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 75 KSI min (515 MPA min)
Elongation: 8% Min 

Tempered   

Type 316L can be cold rolled to achieve the temper properties required by specific customers and/ or manufacturing requirements. For tempers 1 /2 hard or above consult Ulbrich Technical Services for more information. 

Additional Properties

Corrosion Resistance      

Refer to NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) for recommendations. 

Finishes      

# 1 - Hot rolled annealed and descaled. It is available in strip, foil and ribbon. It is used for applications where a smooth decorative finish is not required. 
# 2D - Dull finish produced by cold rolling, annealing and descaling. Used for deep drawn parts and those parts that need to retain lubricants in the forming process.  # 2B - Smooth finish produced by cold rolling, annealing and descaling. A light cold rolling pass is added after anneal with polished rolls giving it a brighter finish than 2D. 
#BA - Bright annealed cold rolled and bright annealed 
#CBA - Course bright annealed cold rolled matte finish and bright anneal 
#2 - Cold Rolled 
# 2BA- Smooth finish produced by cold rolling and bright annealing. A light pass using highly polished rolls produces a glossy finish. A 2BA finish may be used for lightly formed applications where a glossy finish is desired in the formed part.  Polished - Various grit finish for specific polish finished requirements. 

* Not all finishes are available in all alloys - Contact Ulbrich Sales for more information.

Wire Finishes

XC - Extra clean bright annealed or bright annealed and cold rolled Grease - Ultra-bright finish (for decorative applications)  Soap - Soap is not removed from tempered wire to act as a lubricant.  * Contact Ulbrich Wire for custom wire finishes.

Cold Forming   

Type 316L can be readily formed and drawn. 

Heat Treatment 

Type 316L is non hardenable by heat treatment. 

Welding

Type 316L is weldable by common fusion and resistance methods.  For best results refer to: SSINA's "Welding of Stainless Steels and Other Joining Methods" . 

Limitation of Liability and Disclaimer of Warranty: In no event will Ulbrich Stainless Steels & Special Metals, Inc., be liable for any damages arising from the use of the information included in this document or that it is suitable for the 'applications' noted. We believe the information and data provided to be accurate to the best of our knowledge but, all data is considered typical values only. It is intended for reference and general information and not recommended for specification, design or engineering purposes. Ulbrich assumes no implied or express warranty in regard to the creation or accuracy of the data provided in this document.

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