Nitinol is a nickel-titanium alloy with super elasticity and shape memory properties.
Nitinol Shaped, Flat, Square, Round, Fine Wire, Black Oxide, Custom Oxides and Oxide Free (Oxides removed mechanically or chemically) Nitinol Wire ASTM F2063 (Chemistry)
* Rolled from flat wire
Nitinol Wire Description
Nitinol is a nickel-titanium alloy with super elasticity and shape memory properties. Shape memory refers to the ability of Nitinol to undergo deformation at one temperature, then recover its original, under formed shape upon heating above its transformation temperature. Super elasticity occurs at a narrow temperature range just above its transformation temperature; in this case, no heating is necessary to cause the under formed shape to recover, and the material exhibits enormous elasticity, some 10-30 times that of ordinary metal.
Nitinol Wire Applications
What is Nitinol used for?
- Heat engines
- Resilient glass frames
- Orthodontic arc wire
- Medical devices
- High reliability couplings
- Temperature control system couplings
Density, 0.2633 lbs/in³, 6.45 g/cm³
Electrical Resistivity: Ω-cm
Austenite: 82 x 10
Martensite: 76 x 10
Thermal Conductivity, W/cm°C
Austenite : 0.18
Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, in/in/°F (μm/m•K) 80- 200°F (27- 93°C)
Austenite: 6.1 x 10 (11)
Martensite: 3.6 x 10 (6.6)
Modulus of Elasticity, KSI (MPa)
Austenite: 10.08-12.04 x 10³, (75-83 x 10³)
Martensite: 4.06-5.80 x 10³, (28-40 x 10³)
Melting Point: 2930°F (1310°C)
Mechanical Properties of Nitinol Wire at Room Temperature *
NiTi Properties: Annealed Typical
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 130 KSI (895 MPA)
Yield Strength (0.2 Offset):
Austenite: 28-100 KSI (195-690 MPa)
Martensite: 10-20 KSI (70-140 MPa)
Nitinol Properties: Tempered Typical
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 275 KSI (1900 MPA)
* For more detailed information contact Ulbrich Wire
Nitinol can be cold rolled to achieve the temper properties required by specific customers and/or manufacturing requirements. Contact Ulbrich Wire for details.
Additional Properties of Nitinol
Nitinol Wire Finishes
|Black Oxide||Adds mild corrosion resistance, for appearance and to minimize light reflection.|
|Custom Oxides||Custom and common oxide finishes available. Annealed in a controlled environment.|
|Oxide Free||Oxides removed mechanically or chemically|
Special finishes are available: Contact Ulbrich Wire Sales with special finish and plating requests.
Limitation of Liability and Disclaimer of Warranty: In no event will Ulbrich Stainless Steels and Special Metals, Inc., be liable for any damages arising from the use of the information included in this document or that it is suitable for the ‘applications’ noted. We believe the information and data provided to be accurate to the best of our knowledge but, all data is considered typical values only. It is intended for reference and general information and not recommended for specification, design or engineering purposes. Ulbrich assumes no implied or express warranty in regard to the creation or accuracy of the data provided in this document.