436 Stainless Steel Shaped, Flat, Square, Round, Fine Wire, Plated and Bare Wire
436 Alloy Description
Alloy 436 is a Niobium (Columbium) stabilized variation of alloy 434. This addition minimizes “roping” or “ridging” during stretch forming operations. Alloy 436 should be used in welding application where the risk of preferential corrosion due to intergranular attack is minimized.
Carbon: 0.12 max
Manganese: 1.00 max
Silicon: 1.00 max
Nickel: 0.50 max
Phosphorus: 0.040 max
Sulfur: 0.030 max
Columbium + Tantalum: 5xC min-0.70 max
Density: 0.28 lbs/in³, 7.74 g/cm³
Electrical Resistivity: microhm-in (microhm-cm):
68°F (20°C): 23.68 (60)
Specific Heat: BTU/lb/°F (kJ/kg•K):
32-212°F (0-100°C): 0.11 (0.46)
Thermal Conductivity: BTU/hr/ft²/ft/°F (W/m•K)
At 212°F (100°C): 15.1 (26.1)
At 932°F (500°C): 15.2 (26.3)
Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: in/in/°F (μm/m•K)
32-212°F (0-100°C): 5.2 x 10 (9.3)
32-1000°F (0-538°C): 6.3 x 10 (11.4)
Modulus of Elasticity: KSI (MPa)
29.0 x 10³ (200 x 10³) in tension
Magnetic Permeability: Magnetic
Melting Range: °F (°C) 2600-2750 (1427-1510)
Mechanical Properties at Room Temperature
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 77 KSI min (531 MPa min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 53 KSI min (365 MPa min)
Elongation: 22% min
Hardness: Rb 89 max
Alloy 434 can be cold rolled to achieve the temper properties required by specific customers
and/or manufacturing requirements. Contact Ulbrich Wire for details.
Refer to NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) for corrosion information.
Standard Wire Finishes
Extra Clean: (XC) Extra clean is also referred to as “bright annealed” or “bright annealed and cold rolled”
Grease (round wire only): Drawn in a heavy grease produces an “Ultra bright” finish for
Soap (round wire only): Soap is used as a lubricant in the drawing process and is not
removed. It acts as a lubricant during customer part forming operation. A soap finish is
available in tempered products.
Plated: Many plating options are available.
∗Special finishes are available: Contact Ulbrich Wire Sales with special finish and plating
Cut to lengths
Alloy 436 is readily drawn and formed. Its drawing characteristics are similar to those of low carbon steel, although it is stronger in the annealed condition and will require stronger tooling and increased power. It is also adaptable to most hot-forming operations. It does have a slightly tendency to “rope” during forming, but it is minimized by the addition of colombium.
For best results refer to: SSINA’s “Welding of Stainless Steels and Other Joining Methods”
Limitation of Liability and Disclaimer of Warranty: In no event will Ulbrich Stainless Steels and Special Metals, Inc., be liable for any damages arising from the use of the information included in this document or that it is suitable for the ‘applications’ noted. We believe the information and data provided to be accurate to the best of our knowledge but, all data is considered typical values only. It is intended for reference and general information and not recommended for specification, design or engineering purposes. Ulbrich assumes no implied or express warranty in regard to the creation or accuracy of the data provided in this document.