Shaped, Flat, Square, Round, Fine Wire, Plated and Bare Wire ASTM A666, AMS 5524

316 Alloy Description

Alloy 316 is an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel containing molybdenum. This addition increases corrosion
resistance, improves resistance to pitting chloride ion solutions and provide increased strength at elevated temperatures. Corrosion resistance is improved, particularly against sulfuric, hydrochloric, acetic, formic and tartaric acids, acid sulfates and alkaline chlorides. Properties are similar to those of alloy 304 except alloy 316 is somewhat stronger at elevated temperatures.

Applications

Screening application in marine environment
Pulp and Paper Equipment
Heat exchangers
Propeller shafts, Fittings
Dyeing Equipment
Exterior Architectural components in Marine Coastal Areas.

Chemistry Typical

Carbon: 0.08 max
Manganese: 2.00 max
Silicon: 1.00 max
Chromium: 16.00-18.00
Nickel: 10.00-14.00
Molybdenum: 2.00-3.00
Phosphorus 0.040
Sulfur: 0.030 max
Copper: 0.75 max
Iron: Balance

Physical Properties

Density: 0.29 lbs/in³, 7.99 g/cm³

Electrical Resistivity: microhm-in (microhm-cm):
68°F (20°C): 29.4 (74.0)

Specific Heat: BTU/lb/°F (kJ/kg•K):
32-212°F (0-100°C): 0.12 (0.50)

Thermal Conductivity: BTU/hr/ft²/ft/°F (W/m•K)
At 212°F (100°C): 9.4 (16.2)
At 932°F (500°C): 12.4 (21.4)

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: in/in/°F (μm/m•K)
32-212°F (0-100°C): 8.9 x 10 (16.0)
32-600°F (0-315°C): 9.0 x 10 (16.2)
32-1000°F (0-538°C): 9.7 x 10 (17.5)
32-1200°F (0-649°C): 10.3 x 10 (18.5)
32-1500ºF (0-871ºC): 11.1 x 10

Modulus of Elasticity: KSI (MPa)
28.0 x 10³ (193 x 10³) in tension
11.2 x 10³ (77 x 10³) in torsion

Magnetic Permeability: H = 200 Oersteds:

Annealed Melting Range: °F (°C) 2500 – 2590 (1371 – 1421)

Mechanical Properties at Room Temperature

Properties: Typical

Ultimate Tensile Strength: 75 KSI min (515 MPA min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 30 KSI min (205 MPA min)
Elongation: 40% min
Hardness: Rb 95 max
Properties: Tempered

1/8H
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 100 KSI min (690 MPa min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 55 KSI min (380 MPa min)
Elongation: 25% min

1/4H
Ultimate Tensile Strength: 125 KSI min (860 MPa min)
Yield Strength: (0.2% Offset) 75 KSI min (515 MPA min)
Elongation: 10% min

Properties Tempered

Alloy 316 can be cold rolled to achieve the temper properties required by specific customers and/or manufacturing requirements. Contact Ulbrich Wire for details.

Additional Properties

Corrosion Resistance


See NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) for recommendations

Standard Wire Finishes

Extra Clean: (XC) Extra clean is also referred to as “bright annealed” or “bright annealed and cold rolled”
Grease (round wire only): Drawn in a heavy grease produces an “Ultra bright” finish for
decorative applications
Soap (round wire only): Soap is used as a lubricant in the drawing process and is not removed. It acts as a lubricant during customer part forming operation. A soap finish is available in tempered products.
Plated: Many plating options are available.
∗Special finishes are available: Contact Ulbrich Wire Sales with special finish and plating requests.


Forms

Continuous Coils
Cut to lengths
Precision cutting

Cold Forming

Type 316 can be readily formed and drawn.

Heat Treatment

Alloy 316 is non hardenable by heat treatment.

Welding

Alloy 316 is weldable by common fusion and resistance methods. It can develop
intergranular corrosion in the welded areas due to the high carbon content. For best results refer to: SSINA’s “Welding of Stainless Steels and Other Joining Methods”



Limitation of Liability and Disclaimer of Warranty: In no event will Ulbrich Stainless Steels and Special Metals, Inc., be liable for any damages arising from the use of the information included in this document or that it is suitable for the ‘applications’ noted. We believe the information and data provided to be accurate to the best of our knowledge but, all data is considered typical values only. It is intended for reference and general information and not recommended for specification, design or engineering purposes. Ulbrich assumes no implied or express warranty in regard to the creation or accuracy of the data provided in this document.

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