436 Stainless Steel UNS S43600

436 Stainless Steel is a modification of Type 434 with columbium and molybdenum added to reduce the tendency of roping or ridging during forming. 436 SS has improved corrosion resistance and weldability. This ferritic steel is highly magnetic with decent abrasion resistance.
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436 Stainless Steel Strip, Coil, Foil, Wire

Applications

Description

Type 436 is a variation of Type 434 to which Columbium has been added to minimize "roping" or "ridging" during stretch forming operations.

Chemistry Typical

Carbon: 0.12 max
Manganese: 1.00 max
Silicon: 1.00 max
Chromium: 16.00-18.00
Nickel: 0.50 max
Molybdenum: 0.75-1.25
Phosphorus: 0.040 max
Sulfur: 0.030 max
Cobumbium + Tantalum: 5xC min-0.70 max
Iron: Balance

Physical Properties of 436 Stainless Steel

Density: 0.28 lbs/in3 7.74 g/cm3

Electrical Resistivity: microhm-in (microhm-cm):
68 ° F (20 °C): 23.68 (60)

Specific Heat: BTU/lbl° F (kJ/kg•K):
32 - 212 ° F (0 - 100 °C): 0.11 (0.46)

Thermal Conductivity: BTU/hr/ft2/ft/° F (W/m•K)
At 212 ° F (100 °C): 15.1 (26.1)
At 932 ° F (500 °C): 15.2 (26.3)

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: in/in/° F (µm/m•K):
32 -212 ° F (0 - 100 °C): 5.2 x 10·6 (9.3)
32-1000 ° F (0- 538 °C): 6.3 x 10·6 (11.4)

Modulus of Elasticity: ksi (MPa) 29 x 103 (200 x 103) in tension

Magnetic Permeability: Magnetic

Melting Range: 2600 - 2750 ° F (1427 - 1510 °C)

Forms

Coil
  • Strip
  • Foil
  • Ribbon
Wire
  • Profile
  • Round
  • Flat
  • Square

Mechanical Properties of 436 Stainless Steel at Room Temperature

Properties: Annealed

Ultimate Tensile Strength: 77 KSI min (531 MPa min)
Yield Strength (0.2% offset): 53 KSI min (365 MPa min)
Elongation: 22% min
Hardness: Rb 89 max

Additional Properties

Corrosion Resistance

Refer to NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) for recommendations.

Finishes

# 1 -Hot rolled annealed and descaled. It is available in strip, foil and ribbon. It is used for applications where a smooth decorative finish is not required.
# 2D -Dull finish produced by cold rolling, annealing and descaling. Used for deep drawn parts and those parts that need to retain lubricants in the forming process. # 2B -Smooth finish produced by cold rolling, annealing and descaling. A light cold rolling pass is added after anneal with polished rolls giving it a brighter finish than 2D.
#BA-Bright annealed cold rolled and bright annealed
#CBA-Course bright annealed cold rolled matte finish and bright anneal
#2 -Cold Rolled
# 2BA-Smooth finish produced by cold rolling and bright annealing. A light pass using highly polished rolls produces a glossy finish. A 2BA finish may be used for lightly formed applications where a glossy finish is desired in the formed part. Polished -Various grit finish for specific polish finished requirements.

* Not all finishes are available for all alloys - Contact Ulbrich Sales for more information.

Wire Finishes

XC - Extra clean bright annealed or bright annealed and cold rolled Grease - Ultra-bright finish (for decorative applications) Soap - Soap is not removed from tempered wire to act as a lubricant. *Contact Ulbrich Wire for custom wire finishes.

Cold Forming

Type 436 is readily drawn and formed. Its drawing characteristics are similar to those of low carbon steel, although it is stronger in the annealed condition and will require stronger tooling and increased power. It is also adaptable to most hot-forming operations. It does have a slightly tendency to "rope" during forming, but it is minimized by the addition of colombium.

Welding 436 Stainless Steel

For best results refer to: SSINA's "Welding of Stainless Steels and Other Joining Methods".




Limitation of Liability and Disclaimer of Warranty: In no event will Ulbrich Stainless Steels & Special Metals, Inc., be liable for any damages arising from the use of the information included in this document or that it is suitable for the 'applications' noted. We believe the information and data provided to be accurate to the best of our knowledge but, all data is considered typical values only. It is intended for reference and general information and not recommended for specification, design or engineering purposes. Ulbrich assumes no implied or express warranty in regard to the creation or accuracy of the data provided in this document.

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